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There are thought to be around 1.8 million hedgerow trees in Britain (counting only those whose canopies do not touch others) with perhaps 98% of these being in England and Wales.
Many hedgerow trees are veteran trees and therefore of great wildlife interest.
Today, mature hedges' uses include screening unsightly developments.
If hedges are not maintained and trimmed regularly, gaps tend to form at the base over many years.
The first two are particularly effective barriers to livestock.
Other shrubs and trees used include holly, beech, oak, ash, and willow; the last three can become very tall. The wall at the base is a dirt parapet that varies in thickness from one to four or more feet and in height from three to twelve feet.
The root word of 'hedge' is much older: it appears in the Old English language, in German (Hecke), and Dutch (haag) to mean 'enclosure', as in the name of the Dutch city The Hague, or more formally 's Gravenhage, meaning The Count's hedge.
Formal, or modern garden hedges are grown in many varieties, including the following species: Hedgerow trees are trees that grow in hedgerows but have been allowed to reach their full height and width.
In essence, hedgelaying consists of cutting most of the way through the stem of each plant near the base, bending it over and interweaving or pleaching it between wooden stakes.
This also encourages new growth from the base of each plant.
Originally, the main purpose of hedgelaying was to ensure the hedge remained stock-proof.
Some side branches were also removed and used as firewood.